胆固醇测试(or lipid testing) checks your levels of good and bad cholesterol to see if you need lifestyle changes or medicine to keep you healthy.
Cholesterol is a type of fat your body makes. There are different types of cholesterol. You need a small amount of cholesterol to make hormones and cells, but too much of the wrong kind of cholesterol can be bad for you.
High levels of the 'bad' cholesterol can clog up your blood vessels, which can lead to heart attacks or strokes. Read more aboutcholesterol.
Understanding your cholesterol levels
|HDL: Greater大于1.0 mmol/l||
|Triglycerides: LESS大于1.7 mmol/l||
|总胆固醇: LESS大于4.0 mmol/l||
|总胆固醇/HDL ratio: Less than 4.0||
Talk to your healthcare provider about your results. They will look at your other心血管疾病危险因素, such as在决定接下来需要发生的事情之前，您的年龄，性别，血压以及是否吸烟或患有糖尿病。
Stopping smoking, eating a healthier diet and being more active lower your risk of heart disease. If your risk is high enough, you might need to take medicines to lower your cholesterol levels.
|Dr Sharon Leitch is a general practitioner and Senior Lecturer in the Department of General Practice and Rural Health at the University of Otago. Her area of research is patient safety in primary care and safe medicine use.|